Association of Research Libraries (ARL) program director for SHARE, Judy Ruttenberg, recently talked with journalist Richard Poynder for his Open Access Interviews series.
Poynder begins, “When the open access movement began it was focused on solving two problems—the affordability problem (i.e., journal subscriptions are way too high, so research institutions cannot afford to buy access to all the research their faculty need), and the accessibility problem that this gives rise to. Today, however, there is a growing sense that what really needs addressing is an ownership problem. Thus…we are seeing calls for research communication to become ‘a community supported and owned enterprise’ outside the control of publishers.”
Ruttenberg notes, “ARL remains committed to an open scholarly communication system, and SHARE is contributing to that by exposing and linking, in an aggregate data set with an open API, highly distributed scholarship on the web. The Open Science Framework (OSF), with which SHARE is associated through COS [the Center for Open Science], provides a platform to integrate the tools of open scholarship, along with an environment conducive to research stewardship—including metadata control, versioning, and provenance tracking. The work SHARE/COS is doing with UC San Diego Library—an extensible prototype using the SHARE API to expose institutional research activity in customizable ways—is an exciting direction for SHARE. It recognizes the value of scholarly metadata and the potential for institutions to bring a data science approach to metadata to ask scholarly questions of it.”
After talking with Ruttenberg, Poynder concludes, “the success of initiatives like SHARE, COS, COAR, OpenAIRE, and LA Referencia looks to be essential if the ownership, affordability, and accessibility problems are to be solved. The good news is that these organisations have begun to collaborate and co-operate together, and there is a growing sense that it is now essential to build a public infrastructure ‘open to researchers from everywhere.’”